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By Amina Abdul Salam

Many people suffer from white spots that spread on their skin, especially on the arms, legs and back in the summer. The spots then disappear in winter to appear once again the next summer.

Dr Noura Foa'd , Consultant in Dermatology, says that the reasons for the appearance of the spots, especially on the arms and legs, are multiple. Burns or old injuries can be responsible. The spots are due to a lack of skin pigmentation that leads to the appearance of marks on the skin.

But, she said, another kind of white spot appears in the summer from coloured fungi due to long periods of contact with swimming pool water which contains chlorine in addition to sea water. The fungi appear on children more than adults. In addition, a lack of vitamin K and anaemia in girls can also contribute to the spreading of white spots.

Dr Foa'd said that yet another condition, eczema, can cause white spots on the skin. The spots appear on fingers, ankles and wrists. This happens when the body is severely dehydrated.

The exact cause of eczema, however, is unknown, but it is thought to be due to an over active response by the body's immune system to an irritant.

In a case of affliction with white spots due to fungi, Dr Foa'd stressed the importance of eradicating the fungi first and then prescribing medications that help improve skin colour. White spots resulting from lack of vitamin " K" in children are treated as a vitamin shortage in addition to moisturising the skin.

And girls who suffer from anaemia should get adequate doses of iron as well as moisturising the body. To treat spots caused by eczema, care should be taken to use moisturising creams containing zinc.

For the prevention of white spots, Dr Foa'd stressed the importance of curing injuries soundly. The problem of anaemia among girls should be dealt with by eating foods rich in iron.

She also stressed the importance of using medicinal moisturisers for the skin. These should be used on the entire body immediately after a bath and adequate quantities of water should be drunk. It is best, she said, not to stay in swimming pools for long periods and sun blocks must be used for children.

By Amina Abdul Salam

Smoking has huge hazards not only for the smoker but also for all people around him, causing several health problems which increase for children. Dr Alaa el-Messalami, Consultant in Paediatrics and Neonatology, says that passive smoking has a bad impact on a child's growth. In addition, passive smoking has an indirect effect on a child's hearing.

It can lead to an infection of the sinuses and inflammation in the ear as a result of the blockage of the Eustachian tube. This is due to the accumulation of secretions inside it.

Dr el-Messalami pointed out that smoking by a pregnant woman leads to delaying the growth of the foetus due to little blood reaching it through the placenta and may lead to congenital malformations, especially if she was smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Furthermore, smoking may lead to abortion in some cases. He said that the child also gets an allergy which has several symptoms, such as persistent coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty in feeding. And it is necessary to visit the doctor immediately upon noticing any of these symptoms.

Dr el-Messalami recommends that children should not be indoors where smokers are present or sitting next to a smoker in the family.

He added that in the event of a child being afflicted with an allergy, the treatment varies according to the age of the child. The treatment will be with cortisone, steam or bronchodilators.

The child should be kept away from factors that cause allergic irritation, such as insecticide sprays, incense and fur.

CAIRO, Aug 20, 2018 (MENA) - Health Minister Hala Zayed visited on Monday the crisis-management unit at her Ministry to check on the medical plan for Eid el-Adha vacation.

Zayed stressed that all hospitals in Egypt were put on high alert.

Blood bags are available in the hospitals and blood banks, she added.

Zayed said there is a hotline to report any missing medicines during the vacation, especially insulin and blood clot drugs, adding that the hotline 137 is allocated for emergencies.

KOCHI/NEW DELHI, India, Aug 20, 2018 (News Wires) - Indian health authorities prepared defenses against the spread of disease in flood-hit Kerala state on Monday as water receded and a huge clean-up gathered pace after the worst floods in a century killed more than 200 people.

Incessant rain since Aug. 8 in the southern state has swelled rivers and triggered landslides. Dozens of people are missing and nearly a million are sheltering in thousands of relief camps, state officials said.

“The biggest challenges immediately ahead are cleaning of the flood-hit houses, rehabilitation, and prevention of water-borne diseases,” said Mahesh P., a village-level officer from Rayamangalam, some 45 km (28 miles) from Kerala’s financial capital of Kochi.

Light to moderate rain was expected across Kerala on Monday, bringing some respite to rescue workers, who have been battling rising waters and mudslides to reach tens of thousands of stranded villagers.

Rainfall in the state during the June-September monsoon season has been more than 40 per cent higher than normal, with torrential rain in the last 10 days forcing authorities to release water from dozens of dangerously full dams, sending surges into rivers that then overflowed their banks.

Anil Vasudevan, who handles disaster management at Kerala’s health department, said the state was preparing to battle any outbreak of diseases in the relief camps and preventive medicines were being distributed.

Mahesh said villagers had all pulled together to rescue people and prevent an even bigger disaster.

“The bulk of the credit for the rescue goes to the ordinary citizens. The army, the navy, the local authorities assisted them,” Mahesh said.

“The flood has bonded the people like never before, with people sharing whatever they had.”

Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan said there was no shortage of food in the state as traders had stocked up ahead of Onam, the state’s biggest festival which falls on Aug. 25.

The state has cancelled all official celebrations in connection with the Hindu harvest festival.

CAIRO, August 18, 2018 (MENA) - Marwa Tamer, a 7-year-old girl, has undergone a successful surgery in line with President Abdel Fattah El Sisi's directives to treat the child at the state's expense.

After a precise surgery performed on the girl at Nasser Institute Hospital in Cairo by a highly qualified medical team, the child's medical condition is stable and she is currently receiving the necessary medical care following the operation.

In a statement, Ministry of Health said that the minister contacted the mother of the child who was transported by an ambulance from her house in El Bagour township, Monufia governorate to Nasser Institute Hospital in Cairo.

The mother of the child appealed to the president to intervene to treat her disabled daughter who needed an urgent surgery to fix her neck vertebrae, which was damaged due to pressure on spinal cord.




CAIRO, August 18, 2018 (MENA) - Egyptian Health Ministry has performed surgeries for 7,606 patients, out of 12,127 on waiting lists, as part of a national initiative.

The initiative kicked off on July 18 upon directives from President Abdel Fattah El Sisi.

It covers nine specializations including Cardiology, Ophthalmology, Oncology, tumors and kidney and liver transplant.

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