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NYON, Aug 20, 2018 (MENA) - Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) announced the list of candidates to win the best player in Europe award for 2018.

The list included Egyptian international and Liverpool star Mohamed Salah, Portuguese international and Juventus star Cristiano Ronaldo and Croatian international and Real Madrid star Luka Modric.

The winner will be announced on August 30 in Monaco, on the sidelines of the UEFA Champions League's group stage draw for the next season, UEFA said on its official website.


CAIRO, Aug 20, 2018 (MENA) - Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi extended on Monday his heartfelt greetings to all Egyptians over Eidual Adha.

"We thank God for these blessed days and call upon him to grant us security, prosperity and blessing", Sisi said in his social media accounts.

CAIRO, Aug 20, 2018 (MENA) - Transport Minister Hisham Arafat asserted that the Regional Ring Road will save LE 800 million annually for the State budget as it reduces the amount of fuel used in transferring cargo.

In an interview with MENA , Arafat said that the project will be inaugurated soon, adding that it will connect all the main highways in Egypt and help in easing traffic congestion in Cairo.

He further underscored that his ministry implemented 50% of the National Roads Project which will be finalised in two years.

Arafat said that the ministry constructs axes on the Nile River in the Upper Egyptian governorates within the framework of a strategy to control encroachments on agricultural lands in fulfilment of directives by  President Abdel Fattah El Sisi.

CAIRO, Aug 20, 2018 (MENA) - Finance Minister Mohamed Maiet said the government is keen on implementing major projects, with investments worth LE5 billion, in the education and transport fields through the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) programme.

There is full coordination between the finance, education and higher education and scientific research ministries to speed up the implementation of these projects that will help boost Egypt's economy.

In a statement on Monday, the minister said following Eid el-Adha vacation, the PPP Central Unit, representing the Finance Ministry, will finalise procedures to establish 1,000 language schools.

The projects aim at shoring up the state plans to develop the education sector in line with President Abdel Fattah El Sisi's directives.

By Amina Abdul Salam

Many people suffer from white spots that spread on their skin, especially on the arms, legs and back in the summer. The spots then disappear in winter to appear once again the next summer.

Dr Noura Foa'd , Consultant in Dermatology, says that the reasons for the appearance of the spots, especially on the arms and legs, are multiple. Burns or old injuries can be responsible. The spots are due to a lack of skin pigmentation that leads to the appearance of marks on the skin.

But, she said, another kind of white spot appears in the summer from coloured fungi due to long periods of contact with swimming pool water which contains chlorine in addition to sea water. The fungi appear on children more than adults. In addition, a lack of vitamin K and anaemia in girls can also contribute to the spreading of white spots.

Dr Foa'd said that yet another condition, eczema, can cause white spots on the skin. The spots appear on fingers, ankles and wrists. This happens when the body is severely dehydrated.

The exact cause of eczema, however, is unknown, but it is thought to be due to an over active response by the body's immune system to an irritant.

In a case of affliction with white spots due to fungi, Dr Foa'd stressed the importance of eradicating the fungi first and then prescribing medications that help improve skin colour. White spots resulting from lack of vitamin " K" in children are treated as a vitamin shortage in addition to moisturising the skin.

And girls who suffer from anaemia should get adequate doses of iron as well as moisturising the body. To treat spots caused by eczema, care should be taken to use moisturising creams containing zinc.

For the prevention of white spots, Dr Foa'd stressed the importance of curing injuries soundly. The problem of anaemia among girls should be dealt with by eating foods rich in iron.

She also stressed the importance of using medicinal moisturisers for the skin. These should be used on the entire body immediately after a bath and adequate quantities of water should be drunk. It is best, she said, not to stay in swimming pools for long periods and sun blocks must be used for children.

By Amina Abdul Salam

Smoking has huge hazards not only for the smoker but also for all people around him, causing several health problems which increase for children. Dr Alaa el-Messalami, Consultant in Paediatrics and Neonatology, says that passive smoking has a bad impact on a child's growth. In addition, passive smoking has an indirect effect on a child's hearing.

It can lead to an infection of the sinuses and inflammation in the ear as a result of the blockage of the Eustachian tube. This is due to the accumulation of secretions inside it.

Dr el-Messalami pointed out that smoking by a pregnant woman leads to delaying the growth of the foetus due to little blood reaching it through the placenta and may lead to congenital malformations, especially if she was smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Furthermore, smoking may lead to abortion in some cases. He said that the child also gets an allergy which has several symptoms, such as persistent coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty in feeding. And it is necessary to visit the doctor immediately upon noticing any of these symptoms.

Dr el-Messalami recommends that children should not be indoors where smokers are present or sitting next to a smoker in the family.

He added that in the event of a child being afflicted with an allergy, the treatment varies according to the age of the child. The treatment will be with cortisone, steam or bronchodilators.

The child should be kept away from factors that cause allergic irritation, such as insecticide sprays, incense and fur.

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