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 By Amina Abdul Salam

Dr Usama Khalil, Consultant in Obesity Surgery, Al-Azhar University, says that many obese people ask the doctor to get rid of what makes them overweight rapidly through surgery and that this is a major mistake as each body shape has its own method of getting rid of fat.

“I do not recommend a resort to obesity surgery, unless there is a disease linked to obesity,” he said.

He pointed out that many factors are associated with obesity surgery, starting with preparing the operating theatre, the doctor’s experience and the devices at the hospital because obesity surgery is not an ordinary surgery.

He said that there are some improper surgery selections, such as gastric bypass surgery for the patient who suffers from gastropod-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux. This is a long-term condition where stomach contents come back up into the oesophagus.

Dr Khalil said that all surgeries have side effects and complications and the patient has to commit to the doctor’s instructions after obesity surgery in particular. An intake of vitamins to compensate the body for loss of food and following a healthy diet are essential.

He said that there are global protocols governing surgical operations, in general, and all hospitals are committed to them, including obesity surgery whether they are sleeve gastroectomy or gastric bypass, the complications of which are limited.



By Amina Abdul Salam

A research team affiliated to Zewail City under the supervision of Dr Ibrahim el- Sherbini, Director of the Nano-materials laboratory, has come up with an invention, a smart bandage, to cure diabetic wounds.

Dr el-Sherbini said that the bandage contributes to curing dangerous wounds in diabetics. It informs the patients that it is curing the wound so the patient does not have to change the bandage from time to time. Recent studies carried out on mice have proved the bandage’s efficiency.

Dr el-Sherbini expects this bandage will be available in the local market in the years ahead. The research team has also found smart chemical compounds the size of nano- structures which cure without any side effects.

Nano-science and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.


By Amina Abdul Salam

In summer, mosquitoes are common, so many people use household pesticides frequently. Several household insecticides contain DDT which affects the endocrine glands and also harms the hormonal function in both Estrogen (the female sex hormone) and Testoserone (the male sex hormone).

Many studies have proved that there are also cognitive dysfunctions amongst labourers subjected to insecticides constantly. There are insecticides of plant origin containing substances such as nicotine and pyrethroid which are less toxic for humans. But nicotine can lead to respiratory failure as a result of inhibiting the breathing centre in the brain.

Dr Ibrahim Mohsen, Consultant in Chest Diseases and Allergy, explains that household insecticides may enter your body through inhalation or contact with the insecticide through the skin, eye, hair and nails. He said that the human body usually gets rid of these insecticides in the urine, stool or sweat. Some substances remain in the body, however, and affect it.

Dr Mohsen says that several health problems occur as a result of insecticide inhalation such as breathing difficulty, increased heartbeat and irregularity, continuous coughing with wheezing in the chest.

People with asthma may inhale insecticides, so Dr Mohsen recommends that they stay away from insecticides and change clothes contaminated with insecticides. He also stressed the need to use a spray to expand the bronchi and to go to the doctor immediately who must give him an injection containing anti-microbial agents.

He asserted the importance of giving the patient some antibiotics in case of acute pulmonary infection.

For the prevention of the hazards of insecticides, Dr Mohsen recommends avoidance of using insecticides excessively and purchasing insecticides containing compounds less toxic to humans.

In addition, one should change one’s clothing immediately after spraying and wash the face and hands. He also stressed the importance of keeping insecticides out of the reach of children.


By Amina Abdul Salam

The 8th annual conference of the Egyptian Society of Rheumatology and Immunology (ESRI) chaired by Dr Ali Youssef, Professor of Abdominal Diseases and Rheumatism, Mansoura University, has recommended an anti-virus vaccination.

According to Dr Mohamed Salah Abdel Baki, Professor of Rheumatism and Immunity, Ain Shams University and Head of the Society, the conference discussed health problems resulting from rheumatic diseases, lupus, osteoporosis and spinal inflammation.

Dr Abdel Baki announced during the conference that new biological therapies had become available locally for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. He said that there were guidelines for the treatment of patients with lupus which had been issued this year by the British Society of Rheumatology (BSR).

There are also guidelines, he said, for the treatment of scleredema issued by the European League Against Rheumatism. Scleredema, he said, is a group of auto-immune diseases that may result in changes to the skin, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs.

Dr Kamel Hishmat, Professor of Abdominal Diseases and Rheumatism, Cairo University, stressed the importance of the gradual use of immune-suppressants in order to reach the immune system without affecting the body’s capacity to resist microbes.

Dr Samah Al-Bakri, Professor of Abdominal Diseases and Immunity, Ain Shams University, said that the aim of the conference was to exchange expertise among physicians through organising workshops between the ESRI and Meka el Mokarama University, Saudi Arabia. Participating were 250 medical specialists in rheumatic diseases and immunity, in addition to representatives from different Egyptian universities.

CAIRO, June 17, 2018 (MENA) - Egypt's Health and Population Minister Hala Zayed has met with Port Said Governor Adel el Ghadban as part of her visit to the Red Sea governorate to probe measures to be taken to implement the new comprehensive health insurance law.

The meeting took up means of raising awareness of the citizens in Port Said with the new health insurance services in preparation for applying the new system.

The minister stressed the importance of training and improving the performance of the doctors and the medical staff participating in this system.

Zayed further held a press conference where she underscored that the new health insurance system will be applied in a number of governorates at once.

The minister inspected also a number of medical facilities in Port Said accompanied with the governor.

By Amina Abdul Salam

One kahk (cookies) that weighs five grammes equals 230 calories and one biscuit which weighs 15g contains from 70 to 90 calories due to a high fat content.

At the end of Ramadan, many people who were fasting complain of health problems due to the sudden change in the dietary pattern. According to Dr Ayman el-Haggar, Researcher in Nutrition, National Research Centre, fasting for long periods and the changes in times of eating, can result in several health problems.

Gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhoea, constipation and increased acidity as well as, an imbalance in the level of sugar in the blood are, for example, common. Hypertension and becoming overweight can also occur.

Dr el-Haggar points out that many people wrongly believe that meals are only the three known meals per day. They do not take into consideration food that is eaten throughout the day. But the fact is that everything that is eaten and drunk, especially during the days of the feast, such as biscuits, kahk (cookies), sweets, nuts, soft drinks and juices may constitute a meal, or a part of a meal.

Everybody must be aware of the calories that he or she eats or drinks. He says that people differ in their dietary needs, according to age, gender, weight, state of health and effort exerted.

For example, a person whose age ranges between 25 and 35 years and weighs 70kg and takes account of the average effort he exerts, is in need of 2,375 calories.

Regarding the kahk and biscuits that are served during the feast days of Eid el-Fitr (the lesser Bairam), Dr el-Haggar says that just one kahk that weighs five grammes equals 230 calories and one biscuit which weighs 15g contains from 70 to 90 calories due to a high fat content. Therefore, if a person eats a lot of kahk or biscuits, this leads to confusion in digestive process.

For spending the Lesser Bairam in good health, Dr el-Haggar recommends people eat small meals gradually so as to be easy on the digestion and divide the main dietary meals into three. It is also good to eat fruits rich in fibres between the main meals.
If you suffer from diabetes orcardiovascular diseases, you should consult your therapist on how to amend your doses of medicine.

Avoid high levels of glucose in the blood after the days of Iftar and drink a lot of water to avoid dehydration and becoming overweight. Keeping a proper amount of salts in the body because increasing or decreasing salts may lead to a health problem with kidney functions.

Bad habits are common, especially during feast days, Dr el-Haggar says. Salty fish should be replaced with a sea food soup, or grilled fish because they are easy to digest.
And he recommends a green salad that is rich in fibres and mineral salts and vitamins to go with the fish. In addition, lupine has many benefits because it is rich in fibres and diabetics should eat a lot fibres to slow down the absorption of glucose.

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